“all” and “nothing” are dichotomous, without a range

That is why “all” and “nothing” are dichotomous, without a range. This is perfectly clear in considering psychological tests of maximal performance. You cannot interpret the results at all unless you assume eithermaximal motivation or no motivation at all. Only in these two conditions can you validly compare responses, and you must assume the […]

The “nothing” is neither greater nor less because of what is absent.

It is true that if you put three apples on the table and then take them away, the three apples are not there. But it is not true that the table is now minus three apples. If there is nothing on the table, it does not matter what was there in terms of amount. The […]